LoRaWAN Wireless Condition Monitoring

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23 Feb, 2024

LoRaWAN Wireless Condition Monitoring

Condition Monitoring with LoRaWAN: A guide to its effectiveness in industrial maintenance, the transition from traditional methods, and overcoming implementation challenges

Condition Monitoring, the backbone of smart industrial maintenance, is a proactive approach that leverages advanced technologies for real-time monitoring of machine conditions. This innovative strategy is pivotal in transitioning from time-based to condition-based maintenance in industrial environments.

Condition Monitoring

At its core, Condition Monitoring focuses on the real-time assessment of machinery by tracking key parameters such as temperature, vibration, pressure, and other vital indicators. 

This method stands out from traditional reactive or preventive maintenance strategies, which are either failure-induced or schedule-based. Condition Monitoring uses data analytics to identify patterns, trends, and anomalies in machine performance, thereby allowing for timely and precise maintenance interventions. This optimizes machine performance and significantly reduces the likelihood of unexpected breakdowns and associated downtime.

Transitioning to Condition-Based Maintenance

The shift from time-based to condition-based maintenance represents a significant advancement in industrial maintenance practices. Traditional time-based maintenance often leads to unnecessary downtime, as maintenance is performed at predetermined intervals, which may only sometimes be required. 

In contrast, Condition Monitoring enables maintenance to be scheduled based on the actual condition of the equipment. This data-driven approach leads to more efficient resource allocation, cost savings, and improved machine longevity. It's a smarter strategy emphasizing predictive maintenance, where actions are determined by the machine's condition rather than fixed schedules.

Advantages of Condition Monitoring

  • Increased Equipment Reliability: Early detection of potential issues allows for proactive maintenance, minimizing unexpected failures and downtime.
  • Optimized Maintenance Planning: Maintenance activities are more data-driven, avoiding unnecessary interventions and focusing resources where needed most.
  • Cost Reduction: Early detection and intervention prevent minor issues from escalating into major failures, reducing overall maintenance costs.
  • Improved Safety: Continuous monitoring of critical machine parameters helps identify potential safety hazards, ensuring a safer working environment.
  • Enhanced Overall Equipment Efficiency: By maintaining machines in optimal condition, Condition Monitoring ensures efficient performance, reducing energy consumption and enhancing productivity.

The Process of Condition Monitoring

Monitoring Key Parameters

Condition Monitoring depends on the continuous tracking of crucial machine parameters. These parameters vary across different types of machinery and industries. For instance, a manufacturing plant might focus on temperature and vibration, whereas a transportation system might monitor speed and fuel efficiency. Selecting these parameters requires a deep understanding of the machine's design, operating conditions, and potential failure modes.

Data Collection and Analysis

This process involves using advanced sensors and data collection systems that capture vital data points from machines. The collected data is then transmitted to a centralized system for processing and analysis. Sophisticated analytics are applied to the data to detect deviations from normal operation, enabling early intervention.

Challenges in Condition Monitoring

The below points outline the key challenges in implementing condition monitoring:

Complex Data Collection and Integration

  • Managing data from a diverse range of sensors and machines.
  • Standardizing data formats across different equipment and sensors.
  • Integrating data from multiple sources for comprehensive analysis.

Scalability Issues

  • Expanding the condition monitoring system to include more machines and sensors.
  • Ensuring the system can handle increasing data volumes without performance degradation.

Infrastructure Limitations

  • Establishing robust networking capabilities to support extensive data transmission.
  • Implementing sufficient data storage and processing capabilities.
  • Providing adequate computing resources for real-time data analysis.

Maintenance and Operational Challenges

  • Training personnel to effectively use and interpret condition monitoring data.
  • Implementing effective maintenance strategies based on condition monitoring insights.
  • Balancing predictive maintenance with traditional maintenance approaches.

Cost Considerations

  • Balancing the initial investment in condition monitoring technology against long-term benefits.
  • Managing ongoing costs associated with system upgrades and maintenance.

Data Security and Privacy

  • Ensuring the security of data collected from sensors and machines.
  • Addressing privacy concerns, especially in sensitive industrial environments.

Data Analysis and Interpretation

  • Developing sophisticated analytics to accurately interpret condition monitoring data.
  • Turning vast amounts of data into actionable insights for maintenance decision-making.

These challenges highlight the need for a strategic approach in implementing condition monitoring systems to effectively leverage their benefits for predictive maintenance and operational efficiency.

Moving Condition Monitoring Online

Transition from "Walk-around" to Online Maintenance

The traditional "walk-around" method of condition-based maintenance, where technicians manually check equipment conditions, is evolving into a more efficient, online system. This change is particularly significant in industrial settings where manual inspections can be tedious and hazardous, especially for hard-to-reach devices. 

Online condition monitoring systems utilize permanent transducers connected to a multi-channel module for data acquisition, which then feeds into a PC-based processor station for data analysis and processing. 

This setup enables real-time monitoring and provides high-integrity data from otherwise inaccessible machine locations. The system is designed to automatically check sensor inputs against predefined alarm levels to determine the operating status of machines. Such systems are particularly valuable for machinery considered critical to operations, located in hard-to-access or unsafe areas, or in processes requiring frequent data assessment.

Advantages and Applications of Online Systems

Online systems offer numerous benefits over manual inspections. They reduce the time staff need to collect data, enhance the capacity for detailed machinery analysis, and provide frequent data sampling for faster diagnostics of problems. These systems are not only more efficient but also cost-effective, as they reduce the need for portable instruments and extensive labor. 

Online condition monitoring is ideal for processes that are event-driven or conditional, require immediate alarm notification, and where collaboration between operations and maintenance personnel is crucial. 

The integration of online monitoring with route-based tools allows for a comprehensive maintenance strategy, combining the strengths of both methods. For instance, online systems can immediately alert technicians when a machine parameter, like vibration in a gearbox, exceeds its threshold, while handheld devices provide flexibility in data collection and analysis.

Implementing Online Condition Monitoring

When implementing online condition monitoring, it is essential to understand which assets and failure modes should be monitored. Decisions should be based on the number of assets and types of measurements needed. The choice of a condition monitoring solution should consider factors like scalability, openness to new analysis techniques, interoperability with existing systems, and the overall cost-effectiveness of the solution. 

A successful online condition monitoring system involves data management, analytics, and the ability to detect reliably early indicators of potential issues. The system should balance minimizing false positives and negatives, providing actionable insights for predictive maintenance. This approach allows maintenance managers to schedule and plan maintenance only when necessary, leading to increased revenue, reduced costs, and enhanced safety.

Transitioning to online condition monitoring in smart industrial environments offers significant advantages over traditional methods. It improves efficiency, safety, and reliability while reducing costs and downtime. The integration of such systems with existing maintenance strategies is key to achieving optimal asset performance and longevity.

LoRaWAN in Condition Monitoring

Wired vs Wireless Condition Monitoring

The transition from wired to wireless condition monitoring systems introduces a marked change in setup complexity and cost. Wired sensor installations typically involve intricate cabling, which can be labor-intensive and expensive. In contrast, wireless systems offer a streamlined and cost-effective solution for deploying sensors across various locations, particularly in complex industrial settings.

LoRaWAN in the Wireless Landscape

LoRaWAN emerges as a formidable option in the wireless technology arena, especially when compared to other wireless protocols like Wi-Fi, Bluetooth/Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), and LTE (Long-Term Evolution). Each of these technologies has its strengths and limitations, influenced by their inherent design to balance range, power consumption, and bandwidth.

  • Wi-Fi: While Wi-Fi excels in high bandwidth, it is limited by shorter range (often not extending beyond 15 meters) and higher power consumption, making it less suitable for scattered IoT devices.
  • Bluetooth/BLE: Similar to Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and BLE are more focused on short-range communication. They are ideal for small-scale consumer IoT applications but may not be the best fit for industrial IoT due to their limited range.
  • LTE: Cellular technologies like LTE offer broader coverage and support for both low and high transmission bandwidths. However, they may involve higher power consumption compared to LPWAN (Low Power Wide Area Network) technologies like LoRaWAN.


LoRaWAN, with its long-range capability (several kilometers) and low power consumption, is uniquely positioned for condition monitoring applications. This technology is particularly efficient in sending small packets of data, such as those required for monitoring temperature, humidity, and other environmental variables. Devices on a LoRaWAN network can operate for years on a single battery charge, thanks to its low power design. Additionally, LoRaWAN's star network topology, where each device node communicates with a specific gateway, makes it a robust choice for IoT deployments in varied and challenging environments. 

In the context of IoT, LoRaWAN's advantages are evident when considering the requirements of different use cases. For instance, its ability to efficiently handle small data packets over long distances makes it an excellent choice for applications like asset tracking, environmental monitoring, and smart agriculture. 

On the other hand, technologies like Wi-Fi and BLE might be more suitable for scenarios requiring higher data throughput over shorter distances, such as in smart homes or retail settings.


LoRaWAN Wireless Condition Monitoring represents a significant leap forward in industrial maintenance. By transitioning from time-based to condition-based maintenance, it offers a more efficient, cost-effective, and data-driven approach. This technology stands out in its ability to facilitate real-time tracking of key machine parameters like temperature, vibration, and pressure, thus enabling predictive maintenance.

LoRaWAN, with its long-range, low power capabilities, is particularly suited for this task, overcoming the limitations of traditional wired systems and other wireless technologies like Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and LTE. 

Despite facing challenges such as data integration, scalability, and infrastructure demands, the benefits—increased equipment reliability, optimized maintenance planning, cost reduction, improved safety, and enhanced overall efficiency—make it an invaluable tool in modern industrial environments. 

As industries increasingly adopt smart technologies, LoRaWAN Wireless Condition Monitoring emerges as a pivotal solution for advancing operational excellence and sustainability in the ever-evolving landscape of industrial maintenance.


  1. https://sensemore.io/condition-monitoring-smarter-future-in-industrial-maintenance/
  2. https://www.iotforall.com/condition-monitoring-via-lorawan
  3. https://www.mokolora.com/lora-and-wireless-technologies/
  4. https://blog.pruftechnik.com/the-advantages-of-online-and-route-based-condition-monitoring-tools/
  5. https://www.plantservices.com/monitoring/condition-monitoring/article/11292115/addressing-challenges-of-online-condition-monitoring
  6. https://reliabilityweb.com/articles/entry/transitions
  7. https://www.flir.com/discover/professional-tools/what-is-condition-monitoring-guide/

More by Deval Shah

Hey, I hope you are having a great day! I love everything about ML - reading papers, implementing systems, writing blog posts... I enjoy implementing research ideas and incorporating them into practical applications. I am currently working as a Sr. ML Engineer at the Australian Institute of Machi...