project specification

Climbing Quadruped Robot

This project shows the novel capabilities of a quadruped robot by performing horizontal-vertical-horizontal movement transition through vertical ladder without handrail- ing supporter. To overcome the proposed problem, we propose a multi-behavior generation model using independent stepping and pose control in the quadruped robot. The model is able to generate appropriate behavior depending on external (3D point clouds) and internal sensors (ground touch sensor, and Inertial Measurement Unit). In order to build efficient ladder detection, we proposed Dynamic Density Growing Neural Gas (DD-GNG) for low-cost real-time vertical ladder detection from 3D point cloud dat

Specifications

Height30 cm
Width50 cm
Depth60 cm
Manufacturing method3D printing
MaterialPLA
ProcessorCore i5 Intel
Degrees of freedom23 DoF

Overview

To overcome the proposed problem, we propose a multi-behavior generation model using independent stepping and pose control in the quadruped robot. The model is able to generate appropriate behavior depending on external (3D point clouds) and internal sensors (ground touch sensor, and Inertial Measurement Unit).  In order to build efficient ladder detection, we proposed Dynamic Density Growing Neural Gas (DD-GNG) for low-cost real-time vertical ladder detection from 3D point cloud data. 

The density of the structure and the number of nodes will be increased in the targeted object area. We succeeded perform real-time vertical ladder detection in non-GPU board. In the behavior generation, Posture condition, safe movement area, possible touchpoint, grasping possibility, and target movement are the information that is analyzed from the sensors. There are four options developed in behavior generation, which are, Approaching, Body Placing, Stepping, and Grasping behavior. In order to prove the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm, the model was implemented on the computer simulation and the real application. Before being applied in the real robot, the proposed model is optimized in the computer simulation. Then, the optimized parameter is used for applying in the real robot. As a result, the robot succeeded to move through the ladder without handrail from lower stair to upper stair. From the analysis, the body placing behavior is the most important strategy in the proposed case. 

The robot is facilitated by Quad Time of Flight (ToF) Pico Flexx, Dual Laser Range Finder Hokuyo, NG-IMU, Grasp-touch sensor and Force sensor in each leg. There are 23 degrees of freedom (DoF) in the proposed robot, 5 DoF in every leg, 2 DoF for Dual LRF sensor, and 1 DoF for the head.

References

Azhar Aulia Saputra, Yuichiro Toda, Naoyuki Takesue, and Naoyuki Kubota. IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS). pp. 1448-1453. Macau, China, November 4-8, 2019

Azhar Aulia Saputra, Wei Hong Chin, Yuichiro Toda, Naoyuki Takesue, and Naoyuki Kubota. IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS). Macau, China, November 4-8, 2019